M200: Participatory Impact Monitoring (PIM)
Participatory Impact Monitoring (PIM) is the continuous observation, systematic documentation and critical reflection of project impact, followed by corrective action (plan adjustments, strategy changes). It is done by project staff and target groups, using self-generated survey result. The objective of PIM is to improve the realization of projects by orienting the project along the socio-cultural impact; promoting autonomous activities of the people and improving the flexibility of and interaction between the development organization and community/ project beneficiaries. The PIM process is based on developing indicators (link to indicators social exclusion in diagnosis/methods) together with target group members. This includes drawing up data-collection methods and tools using the principles underpinning low-cost and participatory approaches, i.e. cost effectiveness, appropriate accuracy and user-friendliness. PIM consists in observing and communicating the changes occurring once active support to local institutions comes to an end. The techniques used are indicators and data-collecting, processing and analysis methods; questionnaires are also developed.
It is important to continuously monitor the social and cultural impacts of development projects so as to know the effects of the projects. Impact monitoring helps stakeholders at all levels to routinely track the progress and performance of project components and activities, including quantity, quality, timeliness, and cost effectiveness of outputs delivered. It also provides systematic means for periodic assessment of the relevance, adequacy, equity and sustainability of resultant outcomes and impacts. Accountability for decisions and actions taken, and results achieved in relation to resources used in implementation of the project.
Monitoring impacts means not only observing changes in the physical conditions butalso in the livelihoods and social conditions. Projects implementers are often required to prove the success and demonstrate their impacts of their projects however, most lack an understanding on project impact monitoring, reliable tools and suitable monitoring guidelines. This training will be is one step to close this gap.
PIM Training Outline