4.0 Module 301 : Conflict Management and Peace Building
4.2.6 Conflict analysis tools
The Facilitator should begin the discussion by asking, “What is conflict analysis?” writing down responses from the participants on a flipchart. After all responses are given, the Facilitator should provide the following below definition on the flip chart and discuss any differences in the definitions.
Definition: “A process of examining and understanding the reality of a conflict situation from a variety of perspectives” The Facilitator should then present the following information: Conflict analysis is not a onetime exercise. It must be an on-going process. As the situation is developing one can adapt the actions to changing factors, dynamics and circumstances
Why do we conduct conflict analysis?
- To understand the background and history of situations as well as current events
- To identify all the relevant groups involved not just the main groups and the obvious ones.
- To understand the perspectives of all groups
- To understand how they relate to one another
- To identify factors and trends those underpin conflicts.
- To understand positions, interests and needs of actors
- To understand the dynamics of conflicts
- To understand the relationships
Root cause analysis
To help the affected examine the origins and underlying causes of conflict.
To examine the issues that contribute to conflict and the specific issues that give rise to a specific conflict in more detail, focusing on five categories:
1) problems with information;
Stakeholder identification and analysis
To identify and assess the dependency and power of different stakeholders in a conflict.
4Rs analysis (rights, responsibilities, returns, relationships)
To examine the rights, responsibilities and benefits of different stakeholders in relation to natural resources, as part of improving understanding of a conflict.
To examine the relationships among (or within) different stakeholder groups.
Conflict time line
To assist stakeholders in examining the history of a conflict and to improve their understanding of the sequence of events that led to the conflict.
Mapping conflict over resource use
To show geographically where land or resource use conflicts exist or may exist in the future.
To determine the primary issues of conflict.