1.0 Module 100 : Participatory Integrated Community Development
The background of PICD is based on the project cycle management. PICD integrates participatory tools in the various stages of a PCM approach. An understanding of PCM is therefore crucial to be able to understand and deliver the PICD process.
Figure 1: Integrating participatory tools into a PCM
Project Cycle Management is a term used to describe the management activities and decision-making procedures used during the life-cycle of a project. The various PCM and PICD elements and their meaning are summarized in table 1.
Table 1: Elements of a PCM and PICD and their meaning
PCM and PICD elements
Making contact with the community leadership and members to familiarize oneself, cultivate trust and introduce the development processes
A process of making the community aware of their development status and influencing the changing of precarious conditions that causes the status.
Determine the existing conditions regarding the target beneficiary and project area
A process of making decision based on the information derived from the situation analysis
A process through which beneficiaries and their partners undertake to work on the project activities as planned
Monitoring: It’s a systematic collection and analysis of information as the project progresses towards improving the efficiency and effectiveness of a project or organization.
Evaluation: It is a process of comparing actual project impacts against the agreed strategic plans.