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1.0 Module 100 : Participatory Integrated Community Development

1.2 Unit 01: Project Cycle Management


The background of PICD is based on the project cycle management. PICD integrates participatory tools in the various stages of a PCM approach. An understanding of PCM is therefore crucial to be able to understand and deliver the PICD process. 

Figure 1: Integrating participatory tools into a PCM

Project Cycle Management is a term used to describe the management activities and decision-making procedures used during the life-cycle of a project. The various PCM and PICD elements and their meaning are summarized in table 1.


Table 1: Elements of a PCM and PICD and their meaning

PCM and PICD elements


  1. Initiation and Community Entry

Making contact with the community leadership and  members to familiarize oneself, cultivate trust and introduce the development processes

  1. Awareness creation and attitude Change

A process of making the community aware of their development status and influencing the changing of precarious conditions that causes the status.

  1. Situation Analysis

Determine the existing conditions regarding the target beneficiary and project area

  1. Planning

A process of making decision based on the information derived from the situation analysis

  1. Implementation

A process through which beneficiaries and their partners undertake to work on the project activities as  planned

  1. Monitoring and Evaluation

Monitoring: It’s a systematic collection and analysis of information as the project progresses towards improving the efficiency and effectiveness of a project or organization.

Evaluation: It is a process of comparing actual project impacts against the agreed strategic plans.


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