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2.0 Participatory Intergrated Development Process

2.4.4        Short-term Goals

Step 1: Using the preferred future long-term goal (40 year), consider what the community can accomplish within a shorter time frame, say 3 to 5 years. This is considered short term goals.

Step 2: Ask the participants to state what they can be able to do within the short term with respect to the various development aspects

  1. Education
  2. Water
  3. Crop Production

Step 2:  Ask the participant to frame this short term accomplishment using the SMART guideline.

  • Specific: Should be specific to a development aspect.
  • Measurable: Should be quantifiable
  • Attainable: The community should be to accomplish it within the short-time frame
  • Realist: Should be goal that will bring real benefits to the community
  • Time: Should be accomplished within the specific time


Table 4: Framing of short-term goals


Long-Term goal statement


By the end of 2017 ( 3 years) the community shall ensure that 2000 households in each of the 6 sub-villages have access to adequate, clean and safe drinking water


By the end of 2017 (3 years), 1,000 children from each of the 6 sub-villages have access to primary, secondary and tertiary institution

Crop Product

By the end of 2017 (3 years), 2000 households in each of the 6 sub-villages have at least 3 sufficient meals per day



2.2 Unit 03: Awareness Creation & Attitude Change phase


Purpose: The phase aims at changing the community members’ attitude towards their own development by assisting them to identify enabling and disabling development approaches.

The communities are facilitated to conduct a role play as part of the learning, investigate the learning points from the role play through structured questions and diverse answers and draw lessons learned on enabling and disabling approaches to development.


2.2.1        The River Code Role Play

Two men and one woman are on their way to a wedding. Then suddenly they meet a flooded river and fear crossing as it can drown them.  They find a man working next to the flooded river.

Feeling trapped and unable to cross over to the other side, they ask the man to assist them to cross.

The man agrees to help them and offers to carry them on his back across the river on a free service. They agree to be carried over but the woman refuses and request to be guided on how to cross.

The man holds her hand and leads her, step by step across the flooded river stepping on the stones



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