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2.0 Participatory Intergrated Development Process

2.3.2        The 24 hour day schedule

Step 1: Participants forms groups based age and gender. The group should include: boys and girls, youth (male and female), middle aged (young adults both men and women), and advanced age (Men and women).

These could be the elderly men (above 40 years), young men (25 to 40 years), boys (18 to 24 years), elderly women (above 40 years), young women (25 to 40 years) and girls (18 to 24 years).

Step 2: Each group prepare a 24 hours schedule of the things they do in a normal day (preferably a working day and not a day devoted to cultural or religious activities).

The daily activity schedule of past generation is constructed by asking older men and women to develop a 24hr activity schedule of how their mothers and fathers spent their normal day.

Step 3: Analyze the patterns in terms of age and gender differences and intergeneration trends

  • Categorize the work in productive work and leisure work.
  • For each category add-up the hours spent on productive work and those spent on leisure.
  • Summarize the number of hours spent on productive work across the groups

Step 4: Discuss the differences

  • Differences: (boys vs girls) (young women versus young men; Old men versus old women; past men versus past women)
  • Trends (boys, young men, old men, past men); (girls, young women, old women, past women).


2.3.2        Seasonal calendar

Step 1: Construct a calendar matrix on the group. The first column should have activities while the first row should have months in a year.

Step 2: List the various seasonally-based activities that they have throughout the year.

This should depict the pattern on life in a community in terms of regular cycle and patterns of activities and events across the year. These could include:

  • Annual rainfall patterns,
  • Water availability,
  • Disease patterns,
  • Animal diseases,
  • Migration patterns,
  • Farming activities,
  • Social and religious ceremonies

Step 3: Discuss the question on the text box below with respect to

  • Social group who are busy and available in each season
  • Activities that need improvement
  • Other players who can be involved in the activities










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